Health effects and illnesses from mold toxins  
  • Symptoms and Diagnosis of Toxic Mold  
    • Molds, Mycotoxins, and Public Health »   By Michael R. Gray, M. D., M. P. H., C. I. M. E.
    • Comprehensive list of symptoms from 3 myctotoxins »  
    • Symptoms  
      • Fatigue  
      • Memory disturbance  
      • Congitive function disorder  
      • Claculation difficulties  
      • Frequently saying the wrong word  
      • Joint aches and paint  
      • Numbness and tingling (especially in finders)  
      • Sleep disturbance  
      • Frequent unusual nightmares  
      • Shortness of breath  
      • Seizures  
      • Dysequilibrium  
      • Ringing in ears  
      • Delayed healing  
      • Intolerance of bright lights  
      • Blurred vision, changes in vision  
      • Hair loss  
      • Severe allergies  
      • Cough  
      • Severe muscle weakness  
      • Lightheadedness  
      • Loss of balance  
      • Headaches  
      • Depression  
      • Anxiety  
      • Cold hands and feet  
      • Skin Changes  
      • Facial flushing  
    • Diagnosis  
    • Center for Immune, Environmental, and Toxic Disorders »   Presence of molds that release toxins means there are toxins in the air. Make sure to click on the more button or here:
    • Mycotoxicosis   Toxic poisoning is a common sickness resulting from exposure to toxic molds.
      • Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis (HP).   HP may occur after repeated exposures to an allergen and can result in permanent lung damage
      • Cannot get 100% of the evidence needed.   Does not mean that it is not there...
      • More research  
        • Immunotoxicology »  
        • Chronic Neurotoxin »
        • Finnish study   Subsequent experimentation by Finnish workers (Nikulin, et al. 1996; Nikulin et al. 1997) in adult mice and by Dr. Dearborn's laboratory (Yike et al.) in infant rats has demonstrated that inhalation or tracheal instillation of Stachybotrys spores produces alveolar hemorrhage unless low-toxin or toxin-extracted spores are used. These studies further demonstrate histiologically that the spores do reach the distal airways as expected from the aerodynamic size of ca. 5 microns (Sorenson, et al.) The internal review group was aware of the Finnish studies and the external group heard a presentation of Dr. Dearborn's infant rat data.
      • Organic Dust Toxic Syndrome (ODTS)   ODTS may occur after a single heavy exposure to dust contaminated with fungi and produces flu-like symptoms.
      • Testing  
        • Stachybotrys testing   Research findings presented at the Third International Conference on Bioaerosols, Fungi and Mycotoxins in Saratoga Springs, New York indicate that the viable Stachybotrys chartarum recovery is significantly enhanced with the use of Corn Meal Agar (CMA). Corn Meal Agar is a general purpose media that has been used for many years to cultivate fungi. In light of these findings it is strongly recommended that IAQ professionals attempting to recover viable Stachybotrys chartarum from the environment or indoor air use CMA. Samples should be sent to an AIHA EMPAT Proficiency Tested Microbial Laboratory for enumeration and identification. Remember that typically a majority of airborne Stachybotrys chartarum propagules are nonviable and that the most efficient method for measuring airborne levels of viable and nonviable Stachybotrys spores is through the use of a Zefon Air-O-Cell cassette, Burkhard spore trap or other method that does not require spore viability for quantitation. If you would like more information about Stachybotrys or CMA please call us at 800-651-4802.
        • Penicillium   Penicillium is a large genus of fungi with 150 recognized species, nearly 100 of which have been reported to produce mycotoxins. The range of classes of mycotoxin producing species of Penicillium is broader than for any other fungal genus and the molecular composition of these toxins is diverse. Although toxicity due to Penicillium species is also very diverse, most toxins can be placed into two broad groups: those that affect liver or kidney function, and those that are neurotoxins.
          The most significant disease associated with Penicillium mycotoxins is Balkan Endemic Nephropathy (BEN) which is believed to affect some 20,000 people in the rural Danube River Basin in Eastern Europe. BEN involves progressive renal failure and atrophia of the kidney. The disease is fatal, with half of the sufferers dying within two years. Ochratoxin A produced by Penicillium verrucosum is believed to be the etiological agent of this disease.
          Although the production of Penicillium mycotoxins in food and feeds has been well documented and exposure through ingestion well studied, the effects of Penicillium contaminated indoor environments on human health are poorly understood. This is compounded by the fact that only rarely is Penicillium the only single contaminant in a moldy indoor environment and the synergistic affect of multiple fungi/mycotoxin exposure through inhalation of aerosolized propagules has not been studied. Some of the more significant mycotoxins produced by species of Penicillium besides Ochratoxin A include: Patulin, Citrinin, Citreoviridin, Cyclopiazonic acid, Penitrem A, PR toxin, Roquefortine C and Secalonic
        • Aspergillus   There are more than 160 different species of Aspergillus, 16 of which have been documented as etiological agents of human disease. The aspergilli are probably the most common group of fungi in our environment. Many species of the genus are frequently isolated from a variety of substrata, including forage products, grains, nuts, cotton, organic debris and water damaged organic building materials. Because of the ubiquity of the aspergilli within the environment, man is constantly exposed to these fungi. The diseases caused by species of Aspergillus are relatively uncommon and are rarely found in individuals with normally functioning immune systems. However, due to the substantial increase in populations of individuals with active immune suppression, such as individuals with HIV, chemotherapy patients and those on corticosteriod treatment, contamination of building substrates with fungi, particularly Aspergillus species have become an increasing concern. Aspergillosis is now the second most common fungal infection requiring hospitalization in the United States. The most frequently encountered opportunistic Aspergillus pathogen, Aspergillus fumigatus, is seen most abundantly in decomposing organic materials. Because it grows well at temperatures up to 55°C, self-heating compost piles provide an excellent environment for the fungi. Compost made up of chipped branches and leaves will often yield a massive and virtually pure culture of A. fumigatus. A. fumigatus has been reported to be the major organism isolated from air samples obtained near compost sites. People who handle compost or decomposing haystacks often develop hypersensitivity to spores of Aspergillus and after exposure may suffer a severe allergic response. Aspergillus flavus is the second most frequently encountered fungi in cases of infection with Aspergillus species. In addition to causing infections, Aspergillus flavus is also renowned for its production of aflatoxin, one of the most potent carcinogens known to man. Concern about aflatoxin began in the 1960's after some 100,000 turkey poults in Great Britain died as a result of ingesting feed tainted with aflatoxin. When it became evident that aflatoxin was highly carcinogenic most industrialized countries established tolerances for aflatoxin levels in food and feeds. The risks associated with airborne exposure to aflatoxin in contaminated buildings, as with other mycotoxins, have not been adequately studied. Aspergillus niger is the third most common aspergilli associated with disease and is more common than any other Aspergillus species within the genus and is found in and upon the greatest variety of substrates. It is commonly associated with "fungus ball", a condition wherein fungus actively grows in the human lung, forming a ball, without invading lung tissue. Because invasive aspergillosis occurs most frequently among highly immunosuppressed patients, the presence of Aspergillus spores in hospital air has important implications. Aspergillus spores frequently occur in hospitals throughout the world and a number of severe outbreaks resulting in deaths due to disseminated invasive aspergillosis have been reported following renovation activities in hospitals. A study of 39 bone marrow transplant patients who resided in rooms equipped with whole wall laminar flow HEPA filtration units reported no cases of nosocomial aspergillosis. In sharp contrast, 14 cases of nosocomial aspergillosis in 74 bone marrow transplant recipients occurred in patients housed elsewhere. It is critical that adequate engineering controls are implemented during renovations at hospitals or at any facility the immunosuppressed frequent.
        • Mycotoxins   Exposure to saprophytic fungi (molds) in indoor environments has been linked to a number of adverse health effects including, but not limited to, lethargy, allergies, asthma, infection, dermatitis and hypersensitive pneumonitis. While the aforementioned symptoms are intuitive and largely recognized by both the scientific and lay communities, there are significant secondary health effects associated with exposure to fungi, including idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis in infants, cytotoxicity, cognitive impairment, encephalopathies, immunosuppression, and cancer.
          Research indicates that these secondary health effects may be caused by the mycotoxins produced by the fungi. Although still controversial, in the end mycotoxins may prove to be major components in the health effects reported by victims of fungal exposur e. Below are listed some of the more likely mycotoxins that may occur in indoor environments as indicted by ACGIH, the producing organisms, and mode of activity.
          Aflatoxins are produced by Aspergillus flavus, and other Aspergillus spp. Health effects: forms DNA adducts, hepato-toxic, carcinogenic, immunotoxic.
          Alternariol is produced by Alternaria spp. Health effects: cytotoxic, teratogenic.
          Citrinin is produced by Penicillium expansum. Health effects: carcinogenic.
          Chaetoglobosins is produced by Chaetomium globosin. Health effects: inhibits cell division.
          Cytochalasins is produced by Aspergillus clavatus. Health effects: inhibits cell division.
          Epicladosporic acid is produced by Cladosporium spp. Health effects: immunosuppressive.
          Fumonisins is produced by Fusarium spp. Health effects: inhibits sphingolipid biosynthesis, neurotoxic, hepatotoxic, nephrotoxic, carcinogenic.
          Fumitremorgens is produced by Aspergillus fumigatus. Health effects: tremorgenic.
          Gliotoxin is produced by Aspergillus fumigatus. Health effects: blocks membrane tiol groups, immunosuppressive, cytotoxic.
          Griseofulvins is produced by Memnoniella, P. griseo-fulvum and P. viridicatum. Health effects: hepatotoxic, tumorigenic, teratogenic.
          Mycophenolic acid is produced by Penicillium brevicompactum. Health effects: blocks inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase, immunosuppressive.
          Ochratoxins are produced by Aspergillus ochraceus and Penicillium viridicatum. Health effects: forms DNA adducts, inhibits protein synthesis (phenyalanyl-t-RNA synthetase), nephrotoxic, carcinogenic.
          Patulin is produced by Paecilomyces variatii and P. expansum. Health effects: inhibits potassium uptake, possible carcinogen. Trichothecenes - satratoxins, verrucarins, and roridins are produced by Stachybotrys chartarum and Fusarium spp. Health effects: inhibits protein and nucleic acid synthesis, immunosuppressive, hemotoxic, hemorrhagic.
          Sporidesmin is produced by Pithomyces chartarum. Health effects: hepatotoxic.
          Stachybotrylactams and lacones are produced by Stachybotrys chartarum. Health effects: immunosuppressive.
          Sterigmatocystin is produced by Aspergillus versicolor. Health effects: hepatotoxic, carcinogenic.
          Tenuazoic acid is produced by Alternaria alternata and Phoma soghina. Health effects: nephrotoxic, hepatotoxic, hemorrhagic.
          Verrucosidin is produced by Penicillium polonicum. Health effects: neurotoxic.
          *Data from Burge and Ammann (1999) and Jacobsen et al., 1993. Burge, H. A. and Ammann, H. A., 1999. Fungal Toxins and b-(1®3)-D-Glucans. Bioaerosols: Assessment and Control, Edited by J. Macher, H. A. Ammann, H. A. Burge, D. K. Milton, and P. R. Morey (American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists, Cin cinnati, Ohio), pp. 24-1 - 24-13.
          Jacobsen, B. J., Bowen, K. L., Shelby, R. A., Diener, U. L. Kemppainen, B. W., and Floyd, J. 1993. Mycotoxins and Mycotoxicoses. Circular ANR-767 (Alabama Cooperative Extension Service), 16 pp.
      • Mycotoxins »  
      • Biomarkers of MCS »  
    • Multiple chemical Sensitivity   Research papers.
    • Gastro Intestinal Symptoms   When aflotoxins and spores carrying these toxins fall on to surfaces used for food (counter tops, kitchen tables) they are then ingested.
      • Lactose Intolerance  
        • Theory 1 - Cows Feed   lactose and maybe trying the Lactaid drops again when I came across some more info about milk. I don't have the article right now but it said that the milk can get a high level of mycotoxins from feeding the cow's contaminated corn, hay, or clover. I now believe my son was reacting to the mycotoxins in the milk instead of the lactose. He is always much sicker in the winter months when they feed the cattle grain and hay vs. summer months when they graze more.
        • Theory 2 - Mold attacks enzymes  
        • Theory 3 - High levels of yeast in the body   High level of yeast in your body will cause you to be lactose intolerant which is also caused by toxic mold.
      • White stuff in stool  
      •   Geotrichum or Gliocladium: fungi that are similar and commonly found in soil and on decomposing plant matter, damp canvas, wood, and paper products. They are opportunistic pathogens that are a common cause of allergenic response for sensitive individuals.
      • Geotrichum   This fungus is a common contaminant of dairy products, post-harvest crops, moist building materials, and a variety of textiles. Inflammation of the heart cavity linings (endocarditis), inflammation of the brain (encephalitis), and respiratory infections have been reported.
      • Ulcer caused by Geotrichum »  
      • Geotrichum in rooms »   Contamination Concerns This fungus is a common contaminant of dairy products, post-harvest crops, moist building materials, and a variety of textiles. Infections: Although rarely pathogenic in humans, inflammation of the heart cavity linings (endocarditis), inflammation of the brain (encephalitis), and respiratory infections have been reported
    • Aflatoxicosis »   "Acute aflatoxicosis is produced when moderate to high levels of aflatoxins are consumed. Specific, acute episodes of disease ensue may include hemorrhage, acute liver damage, edema, alteration in digestion, absorption and/or metabolism of nutrients, and possibly death. Chronic aflatoxicosis results from ingestion of low to moderate levels of aflatoxins. The effects are usually subclinical and difficult to recognize. Some of the common symptoms are impaired food conversion and slower rates of growth with or without the production of an overt aflatoxin syndrome. "
    • Respiratory Symptoms  
    • alveolitis  
    • pnuemonitis  
    • asthma  
    • Skin Symptoms  
      • Small bumps under the skin   May be itchy. Last for weeks. Over-the-counter anti-fungal creams can help.
      • Rashes  
        • How does it look?   Poison ivy; small red spots;pimple that never develops; itchy
        • Near eyes  
        • Face  
        • back  
      • Chromomycosis And Phaeohyphomycosis »  
    • Neurological Symptoms  
      • PORPHYRIA   MOLD IS A PORPHYRIA TRIGGER according to Dr. Morton the leading doctor in porphyria research
    • Cancers   These are usually longer term effects
      • Dr. Gray's clinical evidence   Specifically, Dr. Gray's clinical evidence confirmed the presence of B-cell proliferation, excessive T-cell activation, inhibition of suppressor cell complement receptor sites, suppression of Natural Killer Cell populations which are centrally involved in cancer cell surveillance and destruction, and excessive mitogen suppression, confirmed by inhibition of stimulated lymphocyte mitosis in the presence of extracts of pokeweed, concanavillin A (Con-A), and phytohemagglutinin (PHA) implying the inhibition of immune cell reproduction, generally considered necessary to mounting a competent immune response. In short, the immune system is showing signs of being excessively stimulated by the inhalation of respirable spores, and simultaneously is being partially inhibited by the effects of the mycotoxins released by those spores."
      • Breast Cancer »  
      • Toxin Linked to Testicular Cancer »   WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. - A Wake Forest University cancer researcher has proposed that a compound found in certain foods may be a cause of testicular cancer in young men. Writing in the February 2002 issue of Cancer Causes and Control, Gary G. Schwartz, Ph.D., M.P.H., Ph.D., proposes that exposure to a common carcinogen called ochratoxin A during childhood or even before birth may set up the testes so that testicular growth during puberty triggers the launch of testicular cancer. Ochratoxin A results from molds that grow in grains and coffee beans and is found in animals that consume moldy grain, especially pigs. "Little is known about the etiology of testicular cancer, which is the most common cancer among young men," said Schwartz, associate professor of cancer biology and public health sciences. It strikes men mostly between 14 and 34. He said that epidemiologic data point to exposure either in the womb or early in life, "but the nature of the exposure is unknown." Schwartz's new theory calls for a process that takes several steps. It begins with exposure to ochratoxin A during pregnancy or early childhood, which induces damage to testicular DNA. Ochratoxin A is transferred through the placenta to the fetus, and also is present in mothers' milk, so infants could be exposed through breastfeeding. The DNA changes remain dormant until testicular growth at puberty promotes these changes in testicular DNA into cancer. Testicular cancer is primarily a disease of young white men, and it shows marked geographic variation. For instance, the incidence is higher among northern Europeans than central or southern Europeans. Schwartz noted that grains grown in northern Europe are more likely to be contaminated because weather conditions during harvest season promote mold. The highest rate in Europe is in Denmark, 7.8 cases per 100,000 per year. Consumption of pork products in Denmark is among the highest in the world, and Danes also eat the most rye, the cereal grain that is most often contaminated by ochratoxin A. Another interesting element: testicular cancer is more common among people of higher socioeconomic levels. These are the groups most likely to breastfeed. "We propose that exposure to ochratoxin A contaminated food provides a coherent explanation for much of the descriptive epidemiology of testicular cancer," Schwartz said, adding that future studies of testicular cancer "should focus on breastfeeding practices and the consumption of ochratoxin A containing foods such as cereals, pork products, milk and coffee by mothers and their male children." If all this turns out to be correct, Schwartz offers several possible solutions. Public health efforts may be able to reduce exposure to ochratoxin A. Alternatively, public health efforts may reduce the genotoxicity of ochratoxin A exposure. The toxicity of ochratoxin A could be reduced by giving pregnant women drugs like aspirin or indomethacin or vitamins A, C and E, he said. "These agents, in animals at least, markedly reduce the DNA damage caused by ochratoxin A," Schwartz said. Aspartame, the artificial sweeter, is similar structurally to ochratoxin A, and is a potent ochratoxin A antagonist. Source: Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center
    • body temperature fluctuation  
    • Not getting the usual illnesses?  
      • No longer getting colds   In response to all the comments about many of you noticing the absence of colds, I would like to pass on a philosophy from a doctor. He believes that the absence of a occasional cold is not a good thing. It takes energy from our bodies to have a cold. If we are not "healthy" enough to afford that energy, our bodies won't allow it. The problem is that we all are harboring toxins that normally come out with a cold. According to him, in a healthly person, it is "normal" to have a cold 1-2 times / year to shed those toxins. He also commented that in many cancer patients they often won't get a cold cause they can't "afford" it. So, thank God for the occasional cold! If you aren't getting any, it may be best to try to build your immune system up to the point where your body feels the extra energy to handle the cold.
    • Thyroid, ovaries, testes, pancreas, and parietal cells in the stomach   This is what the Environmental Allergist (Dr. Tipu Saltan a Diplomate of the American Board of Environmental Medicine, Fellow of the American Academy of Environmental Medicine, Fellow of American Acadmey of Pediatrics and a Diplomate of the American Board of Pediatrics) has to say regarding the thyroid and autoimmune diesease. I had suspected our mold related illness had progressed into an autoimmune disease years ago. Perhaps, as some of us have thought, our thyroids have been affected by mold. Autoimmune Diseases- "an immune dysregulation occurs when the body's immune system starts producing antibodies against its own tissues. It often results from chronic allergic reactions that weaken the immune system. Any part of the body may be involved. The most common organs involved are thyroid (Hashimoto's thyroiditis), ovaries, testes, pancreas, and parietal cells of the stomach. It results in failure of tissue functions."
    • Microsopic Fungi in Dwellings and Their Health Implications in Humans »  
    • National Library of Medicine »  
  • Finding a doctor to treat Toxic Mold  
    • Doctors in United States  
      • Experts   1. Dr. Marinkovich - best for mold allery like symptoms. 2. Dr. Shoemaker (Pocomoke, MD) 3. Dr. Johanning 4. Dr. Herman (Sacto) 5. Dr. Gray (Arizona) 6. Dr. Ordog in LA
      • Dr. Ordog - Los Angeles, CA   23206 Lyons Ave. (661) 799-1689
      • Vincent Marinkovich - California   tel: 650.482.2800; fax:650-482-2802 810 Brewster, 220, Redwood City, 94063
      • Dr. Hermann - Sacramento, CA  
      • Dr. Sherry Rodgers - New York »   phone 315-488-2856
      • Dr. Kalpana Patel - New York   716-833-2213
      • Dr. Eckardt Johanning - New York »   Dr. Eckardt Johanning P.O. Box 3148 Occupatinal & Environmental Life Science Fungal Research Group, Inc. 650 Warren Street Albany, NY 12208 518/459-3336 e-mail at
      • Dr. Busher of Seattle Washington   Types of treatments prescribed: STRICT diet - for fungal infection, yeast overgrowth Immuno Therapy - for allergies/hypersensitivities to mold Nystatin - kill yeast/mold Spornox Nasal Spray - kill mold in nose Cholestyramine - encapsulate toxins
      • Dr. Graham, Tennessee   865-675-7964
      • Jeannette G. Warner, MD   5200 Babcock St., NE Palm Bay, FL 32905 Office Phone: 321-722-1933 Office Fax 321-722-0744 Cell 407-257-1171
      • Dr. Shoemaker - Pocomoke, MD »   The best doctor for treating mold toxin exposure.
      • Dr. Kelly, Lansing, MD   Saginaw St
      • Dr. Van Strickland, Wichita, Kansas  
      • Dr. James Craner, M.D., M.P.H., Nevada  
      • Dr. Portnoy who is in Kansas City at Children's Mercy Hospital  
      • Andrew Campbell - Texas   Dr. Andrew Campbell Spring, Texas (near Houston) 281-364-1013 Center for Immune and Toxic Disorders. Rumors are that he is not board certified (?)
      • Suggestions from someone on toxic mold survivors   Dr. Michael Harbut (Environmental/Occupational Medicine) (the Adult counterpart to Dr. Dearborn, the children's mold specialist in Cleveland) 118 N. Washington Ave Royal Oak MI 48067 248-547-9100 Dr. Gerard Williams -Neuropsychology Vicki Cox - evaluator (she is also evaluting children for Dr. Dearborn) 6201 Miller Rd Swarty Creek MI 48473 810-630-1152 Dr. Robert Spitzer - Neurology 20180 W. 12 Mile Rd #10 Southfield MI 48076 248-358-3299
    • AAEM »  
    • American Academy of Environmental Medicine  
    • Medi-Net »   Toll-free: 888/275-6334 For a fee* Medi-Net accesses databases from the AMA, three federal agencies and all 50 state medical boards to provide basic background information on a doctor and whether he or she has been disciplined for billing fraud, overprescribing, incompetence or another offense. *$14.75 for one doctor when ordering from the website ($29.99 when calling).
    • American Board of Medical Specialties »   47 Perimeter Center East, Suite 350 Atlanta, GA 30346 800/776-2378 This organization will tell you whether a doctor is board certified or board eligible in a particular area. “Board certified” means the doctor has completed two additional years of training and passed a national examination. “Board eligible” means that the training, but not the test, has been completed.
    • American Medical Association (AMA) »   Department of Physician Data Services 515 N. State Street Chicago, IL 60616 Through the AMA you can find out about a doctor’s educational background and areas of medical specialty and whether or not the doctor is a member of the AMA. You can also check the American Medical Association Medical Directory at your local public library or bookstore.
  • Treatment for People exposed to toxic mold  
    • Mold-free diet   Here's a list of foods to avoid. They are rich in fungal (mold) protein allergens. A special diet which enriches the glutathione content of cells is available and shows great promise with respect to brain, immune and pulmonary function. Cells need glutathione to deal with toxins and use it as an antioxidant. While this nutritional supplement is available free of charge, it can only be given to a patient who is willing to have brain, immune and pulmonary function studies before and again after two to three months of treatment with that diet. These tests are meant to study the patient’s progress and to guide us in further therapy. Another nutritional supplement contains blue green algae which have also been shown to increase brain and immune function. This nutritional supplement is available free of charge for patients who have been carefully studied before treatment and are willing and able to be studied after a few months of treatment.
      • Keep a food diary and see how you feel   The elimination diet works by first eliminating enough foods so that you feel good for at least 2 weeks then start adding things back slowly one at a time to see which ones cause reactions.
      • Articles  
      • Food Additives  
        • Sorbitol  
        • Mannitol  
        • Stearic acid  
        • Aspertame  
        • Tablet binders (in vitamins and medications)  
        • Soya lechithin  
      • Preparation  
        • Cold pressed oils  
        • Bottled dressings  
      • Grains  
        • Breads   Sourdoughs are the worst (sometimes labeled yeast-free), such as pumpernickle, coffee cakes and other foods made with large amounts of yeast. Bread develops surface mold after a day. Tortillas, biscuits, muffins, cakes and cookies are yeast-free. Dough conditioners are moldy.
        • Bran   The outer cover of grain is variably moldy.
        • Enriched pasta   The vitamins may contain binding agents that have mold
        • Boxed cereals.   The vitamins may contain binding agents that have mold
        • Whole wheat flour   moldy
        • Buckwheat   Caused bad reactions in some
        • Oats   Organic oats seem to be fine
        • Breads, pretzels, and crackers containing yeast  
      • Fruits and vegetables  
        • Dried fruits   Raisins, dates, apricots, prunes, figs, etc.
        • Mushrooms  
        • Over-ripe fruits & vegetables   Discolored, wilted, mushy.
        • Tomato products   Juice, sauce, paste, ketchup etc. are made from moldy tomatoes.
        • Fruit and Vegetables  
        • Oranges, lemons, and other acidic foods  
        • Bananac   Fungicide is injected during growing
        • Pineapple   Chemically altered to produce year round
        • White onions   May contain aspergillus
        • Grapes if the stems have turned brown   Grapes are prone to aspergillus
        • Corn, some nuts, cottonseed   In the United States, aflatoxins have been identified in corn and corn products, peanuts and peanut products, cottonseed, milk, and tree nuts such as Brazil nuts, pecans, pistachio nuts, and walnuts. Other grains and nuts are susceptible but less prone to contamination.
      • Dairy  
        • Aged cheese   Cottage and cream cheese, mozzarella, provolone, ricotta and farmer's cheese are not aged and may be eaten if milk is no problem.
        • Sour cream, sour milk, and buttermilk  
      • Other beverages and liquids  
        • Beer   The darker the brew, the more mold it contains.
        • Cider and homemade rootbeer   Commercial rootbeer is fine.
        • Wine and wine vinegar   White wine is least moldy, clear vinegar may be tolerated.
        • Most liquors   Vodka, tequila, clear rum are least moldy.
        • Vinegar and vinegar-containing foods   Mayonnaise and other salad dressings, catsup, chili sauce, pickles, pickled beets, relishes, sauerkraut, and green olives
        • Soy sauce  
        • Canned or frozen juices  
        • All sodas   Some people found to only tolerate water
      • Meat   Do not eat meat or fish more than 24 hours old. Avoid food if made from leftovers such as meatloaf, hash and croquettes.
        • Hamburger   Often from aged meat, eat within a day of grinding, can be frozen.
        • Pickled and smoked meats and fish   Including delicatessen foods, sausages, frankfurters, corned beef and pickled tongue.
        • Processed meats   Hot dogs, sausage, salami, bologna, etc. Ham, turkey, pastrami may be OK.
        • Beef is especailly bad  
      • Products of aspergillus fermentation  
        • Chocolate  
        • Tofu   (Soy curd)
        • Black tea  
        • Citric acid   A very common food additive not derived from citrus fruit.
        • Fruit juice (commercial)   Often from moldy fruit, many contain mold enzymes added in processing.
        • Malt extract   (Bread, cereal)
      • Multi-B vitamins   Contain either yeast or mold (rice hulls are moldy)
      • Leftovers   East within 24 hours, unless frozen.
      • Useful Food Resources  
    • Detox and Cleansing on a regular basis »   Use of a regular cleansing program such as this helps to detoxify the body.
    • HealthMed Recommended protocol »  
      •   Daily doses of immediate-release niacin:

        Niacin stimulates lipid mobilization by triggering the release of free fatty acids into the bloodstream. It has been demonstrated that, while free fatty acid levels drop initially after taking immediate-release niacin, they rise markedly within two hours and continue at high levels for some time.

        Moderate aerobic exercise:

        This increases circulation, which ensures quick distribution of the niacin throughout the body and carries mobilized toxins to the excretory routes.

        Intermittent sauna to force sweating:

        As shown in several studies on this procedure, sweat is a primary elimination route for toxins. Sauna temperatures range from 140 to 180 degrees, lower than the typical health-club sauna. The sauna must be well-ventilated. Subjects take frequent showers, both to cool down and to remove substances from the skin and prevent their re-absorption. Liquids are administered and participants are monitored for signs of dehydration and heat exhaustion.

        Ingestion of cold-pressed oils:

        These are provided to prevent mobilized toxins from being re-absorbed by the intestines because the body needs lipids. Polyunsaturated oils have been found to enhance excretion of extremely persistent chemicals, without depositing fat in the liver.

        Vitamin and mineral supplementation:

        The oil taken to prevent re-absorption of mobilized toxins may also reduce absorption of important nutrients. A resulting deficiency could increase the toxicity of mobilized chemicals such as PCBs. An increased intake of nutrients prevents such toxic effects, as well as balancing the intake of niacin.

        A summary of research supporting the elements of this program is found in an Appendix to the Proceedings of the First International Conference on Chemical Contamination and Human Detoxification.
      • Dry Sauna  
      • Vitamins   D3 Nyeson to flush toxins in fatty tissues
      • Salt, potassium  
      • EFA supplements  
    • Thyroid treatment  
      •   Seaweed baths are considered very therapeutic because of their very high mineral content. Some call these baths iodine baths, since the iodine content of 1/3 of a cup of seaweed is more than 2000 times the RDA. I feel my thyroid stimulated from seaweed baths, just like when I do the thyroid-stimulating headstand pose in yoga. Seaweed baths also reportedly benefit other organs, including the adrenal glands, because of its vitamin K content, and helps maintain hormone balance.
    • To get mold out of your body  
    • To get toxins out from your body   If you have chemical sensitivity now, your body is overloaded with toxins from the mold
      • Loose any excess weight   Toxins are stored in excess fat cells
      • Regular sauna several times per week   The sauna must have flow of oxygen and outflow of air so that you do not breath the toxins back in. Toxins are released at 135 degrees
      • Consititutional hydrotherapy   Take frequent wirlpool baths with detox soaks such as ABRA cellular detox bath
      • Colonics  
      • Liver flush  
      • Gulbladder flush  
      • Lymph massage  
      • Take Suplements  
        • Niacin   Opens up your system for detoxification
        • Garlic  
        • Sun Chlorella  
        • Agar-Agar in tea  
        • HCES antioxidants   carlson labs
        • Sulfur based amino acids  
        • 3 liters of water per day  
        • Glutathione complex  
    • Herbal supplements   Herbal supplements. We recommend a special preparation of Chinese herbs to bring back quality tears. Gingko Biloba can be useful when it comes to assisting brain function and is therefore usually recommended. Here again, its blood thinning properties should be considered when the patient is also on aspirin and/or vitamin E. Hormonal Replacement Therapy. Many patients with chronic fatigue have low DHEA sulfate blood levels and then often respond to DHEA supplements.
    • Steam Sauna   A steam sauna is available in our office and used to introduce patients to this procedure, initially under medical supervision. The sauna we use is a one-person sauna and therefore does not expose our patients to someone else while taking a sauna. Each sauna in our office is medically supervised. If initially acceptable and successful, we arrange for purchase of a unit by referring the patient to the manufacturer. Sauna therapy is especially useful in patients who cannot avoid ongoing exposure to chemicals.
    • Cognitive training   neuro-biofeedback approach in which we display cerebral cortical blood flow with the help of a near infrared beam on a monitor. The patient sees the trace, follows the trace on the monitor and eventually learns to move the trace upward. This then corresponds to increased cerebral blood flow in the area of interest. We give two sessions a week. More sessions can give an added advantage and will then be considered. We suggest an initial series of ten treatments, and then reevaluate the patient and decide whether another series of treatment is indicated. We have seen success with this treatment: Patients have improved cognitive function. Also, before and after SPECT brain scans show improvement of blood flow.
    • Hyperbaric Oxygen (HBO).   Hyperbaric Oxygen (HBO). In our office, a portable HBO unit is available for treatment sessions which usually last one hour. During this time the patient is exposed to an increased barometric pressure and is exposed to oxygen blown into the portable unit. Here again, we commit our patients to an initial series of ten treatments after which the patient will be reevaluated. We have shown that this treatment will increase blood flow as measured with before and after SPECT brain scans. Patients respond with more energy, better cognitive function, less fatigue and less pain.
    • Vitamin B 12   Vitamin B 12. We recommend that patients get 2000 mcg intramuscularly once a week for six weeks. This may well help their sensory neuropathy but also often increases the patient’s energy level. With one exception, we have never seen a reaction to vitamin B12 injections, even in very sensitive patients. B12 injections often provide significant improvement even if base line blood levels of B12 are within normal limits.
    • Detoxification  
    • Dr. Shoemaker's cholestyramine (CSM) treatment protocol »   Binds mycotoxins through anion exchange, leading to elimination of the toxins.
    • Herbs and Supplements   start with vitamin C, especially in patients who have low natural killer function and impaired mitogenesis on immune testing. At least 2000 mg a day of vitamin C is necessary to boost immune function. Higher levels may be necessary. However, we always obtain 24-hour urine collection for oxalates to guard against the risk of precipitating kidney stones with high doses of vitamin C. As a second step we usually add vitamin E and recommend 400 to 800 IU a day. It should be understood that vitamin E may thin the blood and should therefore be administered with caution when the patient is also on aspirin and/or Ginkgo Biloba. Beta carrotene is usually well tolerated is added as a third supplement. Zinc will serve to be useful for immune support. Other supplements are added on an as needed and individualized basis
      • Colloidal Silver will kill virus, bacteria, fungi and one cell parasites   Try placing it in the nose as well as swallowing it after it has been held in the mouth and swished for as long as you can. (not in that order :)
      • Sav-A-Hoof Gel   The special culture pictured in the jar isolated the fungus Geotrichum. This fungus is an aggressive saprophyte that grows vigorously on organic matter. It is commonly found in sewage treatment plants and is a spore former, which means it is difficult to eliminate. As shown in Figure 5, the Sav-A-Hoof Gel effectively killed this fungus, as well. The best way to treat white line disease is first to recognize it early and then treat it with a product that is a broad-spectrum bactericide as well as a fungicide. You must remember that dry, cool conditions are your ally and that warm, wet ones are your enemy. Because some of the different organisms present are capable of producing spores, you must choose a product that is powerful and stays active for a long time. It takes time and patience to treat these infections once they gain a foothold. Even if you don't kill all the organisms initially, you may kill enough of them to slow the advancement of the disease to the point that it may grow out with successive trimmings.
      • Essential Oils - Anise, Basil, coriander, and oregano are highly inhibitory to fungal growth   The abilities of particular herbs or spices to inhibit the growth of a particular pathogen varied. Among the extracts tested, essential oil from oregano proved to be the most effective deterrent to the well-known food safety threats E. coli, Listeria, and Staphylococcus. While oregano oil almost completely inhibited pathogen growth, carrot oil failed to deter growth among any of the test strains. Coriander and basil oils were highly inhibitory to E. coli O157:H7 and other bacteria tested, but anise oil did not particularly limit bacteria growth. Anise did, however, inhibit molds. Basil, coriander, and oregano were also highly inhibitory to fungal growth. In all, seven of the 12 extracts tested proved a strong deterrent to the growth of at least one of the pathogens studied. Further tests will determine whether these herb and spice oils can serve as alternatives or supplements to substances presently used to control the growth of harmful microbes in foods
      • Grapefuit Seed   Grapefuit seed extract (GSE) is emerging as one of the most powerful and broad-ranging anti-bacterial agents in nature. An in vitro study of the effectiveness of GSE against 194 bacterial and 93 fungal strains observed that at 0.5% concentration, the growth of all but two of these microorganisms was inhibited. The outstanding two were inhibited at a higher concentration of 1-2%. Included in this test were organisms such as Candida albicans, Streptococcus, Geotrichum, and haemolytic E.Coli. It appears plain from these results that GSE could be extremely beneficial in the treatment of a very wide range of conditions. It has been found to be especially suitable for reducing pathological organisms in the gastrointestinal tract. GSE is recommended for those suffering from Irritable Bowel Syndrome, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease and of course, Candida or Candida-related conditions. GSE is also a suitable aid for the prevention of traveller's diarrhoea and as a natural water decontaminant.
      • Neem cure   Neem has proved effective against certain fungi that infect the human body. Such fungi are an increasing problem and have been difficult to control by synthetic fungicides. For example, in one laboratory study, conducted by Khan and Wassilew – 1987, Neem preparations showed toxicity to cultures of 14 common fungi, including members of the following genera: • Trichophyton – an ‘athlete’s foot’ fungus that infects hair, skin and nails; • Epidermophyton – a ‘ringworm’ that invades both skin and nails of the feet; • Microsporum – a ‘ringworm’ that invades hair, skin and (rarely) nails; • Trichosporon – a fungus of the intestinal tract; • Geotrichum – a yeast like fungus that causes infections of the bronchi, lungs and mucous membranes; • Candida – a yeast-like fungus that is part of the normal flora but can get out of control, leading to lesions in mouth (thrush), vagina, skin, hands and lungs.
    • IVIG treatments   plasma treatments for toxin enduced demyelination (nerve sheath damage). It is also supposed to help rebuild your immune system.
    • IP-6, Inositol Hexaphosphate »   to fight cancer
    • Medications  
    • Prevention of sinus problems »   Dr. Marinkovich treated fungal sinusitis with Nizoral anti-fungal nose spray and ketokonazole anti-fungal in the nebulizer. Also Sporanox has been a part of his treatment. All this medicine is helpful if systemic fungal infection is diagnosed.
    • Valley Fever Center for Excellence »   Fighting fungus infection in the Southwestern US desert area.
    • Metronome Exercise to lessen neurological effects »   This is recommended to do 5 times per day for 5 minutes each time
  • Tests that prove exposure to mold  
    • Low platelets  
    • Stool analysis  
    • Ultra Cat Scan of your chest, (not a regular cat scan)   Conventional CT requires that patients hold their breath and remain completely immobile during the scan, which makes it very difficult to obtain an accurate image of some patients. Spiral CT produces image quality that is superior to conventional CT. Spiral CT technology allows clinicians to see very thin cross-sections, or slices of the anatomy; the thinner the slice, the better the resolution. There are many brand names of scanners. "Ultra CAT SCAN" =Marconi Medical Systems' CT scanner. What you should look for in a CT is a Hi Speed Unit. I'm a Radiology Technologist and feel that GE Medical Systems has some of the most advanced diagnostic equipment. Because of my medical problems; I have been reading on equipment and have found that GE has a new "GE ADVANCED LUNG ANALYSIS CT". Sorry to say, but in medicine there are huge amounts of money involved. To build a diagnostic department, to purchase equipment, and to acquire a quality staff; there are billions of dollars involved. Financially, it is very difficult for a diagnostic center, office, or most hospitals to update to the latest technology. The diagnostic center or hospital must perform exams to pay for what they purchased 3 to 10 years ago. (Outdated equipment). Now, if the Radiologist is in an office I'm sure he/she has a financial interest. Do you feel that the Radiologist will send you to another diagnostic facility? At one time, I purchased medical imaging equipment. I was unable to purchase the very best medical imaging equipment due to the cost of the more technically advanced equipment. While working in small hospitals, I have always felt that I would have imaging exams at a large institution. I have found that the very large Universities have some of the better equipment due to the fact that large manufactures place the latest CT's for obtaining data on their new technology. If you plan to ask information from a Radiologist, call a university. Technology in the imaging field changes weekly, therefore, it is very difficult to stay informed in all of the imaging modalities. These are just some of my humble opinions. Here is the site for the GE advanced Lung Analysis CT. Call GE and inquire where there is a unit in your area. Sometimes, your will only find a few units of the latest imaging machines in the US. find
    • PCR Testing   blood serum testing equated to one's genetic exposures to mold (or other pathogens/microbes) instead of antigen to one's immune response system. I have attached where this testing (which is more expensive than MAST IgE/IgG Antibody testing, but I feel well worth the expense). The letters stand for Polymerase Chain Reaction referring to genetic base chemical activity/coding. I believe that even though both the MAST testing and PCR testing are not certified for litigation standards by any regulating federal agency, they are both very accurate and can help in the early detection and diagnosis of systemic fungal disease. There will come a day when their processing will become established credible evidence. I have personally observed their use help to save human life. Hope that helps (See attachment above). God Bless you and your health.
    • Stachybotrys   Coordinate a blood serum test for Stachybotrys chartarum (black mold) with IBT Reference Laboratory 10453 West 84th Terrace, Lenexa, KS 66214. Phone 1-(800) 637-0370. Testing and ID Numbers are as follows: #1704 HSP Panel IgG, #1712 Stachybotrys Panel, and #2409 BRI Panel
    • MAST   Coordinate a blood serum test for Environmental MAST IgG Panel #16 with Hitachi Chemical Diagnostics, Inc., MAST Allergy Testing Service, 630 Clyde Court, Mountain View, CA 94043 Phone: (650) 961-5501 or 1-(800) 233-6278 and Fax (650) 969-2745. Test for 13 fungi species, dust mites, cockroach, etc.
    • iGe, IGG   Professional Consultation/Referral: Dr. Vincent A. Marinkovich, M.D. (Diplomate, Am. Board of Allergy and Clinical Immunology), Graduate: CA Institute of Technology, Physics (1955), Harvard Medical School (1955), Pediatrics training John’s Hopkins Hospital (1959-61), Oxford University and King’s College London, Immunogenetics (1961-62), CA Institute of Technology, Specialized Immunology (1962-66), Brompton Research Hospital London, Fungal Hypersensitivity (1972-73), Founder and Chairman Allergy Testing Services (Owned currently by Hitachi Chemical Diagnostics, Inc. (1985-Present), Scientist/Clinical Associate Professor Stanford Medical School (1985-Present); 801 Brewster Avenue, Suite 220 Redwood City, CA 94063; Office: (650) 482-2800 or Fax: (650) 482-2802
    • IgG and IgE antibodies against mold »   Serum IgG and IgE antibodies against mold-derived antigens in patients with symptoms of hypersensitivity. Makkonen K, Viitala KI, Parkkila S, Niemela O. Laboratory of the Central Hospital of Southern Ostrobothnia, FIN-60220, Seinajoki, Finland.
    • Low lymphocytes  
    • Suppressed bone marrow function  
    • Mycoplasma incognitus tested in my DNA  
    • Diagnosis of chronic fatigue syndrome   neorological/immune/endocrine disorder
    • SPECT brain scan indicating a toxic solvent exposure  
    • Pulminary Function Test   Showing severely reduced capacity and diffusion rates
    • Lung CT Scan  
    • Serological evidence of mold exposure and mycotoxicosis  
    • A series of tests to perform after you identified mold in your home »  
  • Prevention   Our daily diets may contain mold toxins.
  • Living with MCS  
  • Treatment for the animals exposed to toxic mold  
  • Studies of health effects from toxic mold  
  • Leaky gut syndrome may be caused by exposure to toxic mold  
  • Candida caused by exposure to toxic mold